Geography


Physical map of Spain     Map from: http://www.mapsofworld.com/spain/ 

Spain is located in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula to the south of France and Andorra and to the east of Portugal. It also retains coastlines on the Bay of Biscay (a part of the Atlantic Ocean) and the Mediterranean Sea. Nonetheless, Spain’s territory is in Morocco, the cities of Ceuta and Melilla, islands off the coast of Morocco as well as the Canary Islands in the Atlantic and the Balearic Islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The country’s boundaries are Andorra 63.7 km, France 623 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,214 km, Morocco (Ceuta) 6.3 km and Morocco (Melilla) 9.6 km.

Spain is the second largest country in Western Europe and the European Union; However, it is the fifty second largest country in the world with an area of 505,370 square kilometers. This is about quarter the size of the United States that actually has a CONUS of 8,080,464 square km.

As noticed in the physical map of Spain above, its topography is a flat to dissected broad plateau that comprises a series of mountains ranges, river valleys and plains. The most unique geographical features of Spain are its mountains that are widespread all over the country from the north to the south and crossed by rivers that most of them form some of the borders with Portugal. “The country can be divided into ten natural regions or subregions: the dominant Meseta Central, the Cantabrian Mountains (Cordillera Cantabrica) and the northwest region, the Ibérico region, the Pyrenees, the Penibético region in the southeast, the Andalusian Plain, the Ebro Basin, the coastal plains, the Balearic Islands, and the Canary Islands. These are commonly grouped into four types: the Meseta Central and associated mountains, other mountainous regions, lowland regions, and islands.” (Wikipedia) 

Spain is well known and distinguished with two of its famous affluences:

Ebro River, Spanish Rio Ebro, the longest river in Spain that flows for 565 miles (910 km) in a southeasterly course to its delta on the Mediterranean coast in Tarragona province, midway between Barcelona and Valencia.

ebro river Longuest in spain

Teide Peak Mountain, the tallest mountain in the country that is a volcanic peak at the centre of the island of Tenerife at 12,198 feet (3,718 metres)

teidi spain's tallest mountain

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